The main attractions for a cockroach include food, water, and shelter. To them, almost anything is food, including any foodstuff, paper, cloth, plants, and even glue used for binding books. They can be found anywhere in the home, but most prefer a damp environment. Since most cockroaches are active
at night, many people may be completely unaware of their presence in their home. Cockroaches may be a public health concern in certain locations such as restaurants or hospitals because they have been known to carry Salmonella bacteria – the organisms responsible for food poisoning.
The German cockroach is probably the most wide-spread species of cockroach in the world, having spread largely through the shipping of foods and other goods.
Brown-banded cockroach (Supella Longipalpa)
Although the Brown-banded cockroach is nocturnal, it may often be seen during the day. It is capable of flight and can be found fluttering around lights in the house.
Oriental Cockroach (Blatta Orientalis)
The tegmina of the female are only partially developed and they appear almost wingless. This species of cockroach is less wary and more sluggish than the others.
The American cockroach is the largest of the common cockroaches. This species can fly but flight is rare and sluggish.
Pennsylvania Wood Cockroach
The Pennsylvania wood roach is normally an outdoor pest but can sometimes be found in homes and cottages.